Periodontal disease, caused by the build-up of bacteria and plaque on your pet’s teeth and gums, often results in painful outcomes: bleeding and severe inflammation of the gums, gum and bone loss and tooth mobility. Periodontal disease can be very painful and as the disease progresses, the bacteria can travel through the blood and damage the heart, liver and kidneys. At Indy Paws Veterinary Hospital, we will assess your pet’s oral health with an awake exam during their wellness examinations. However, as much as 70% of dental disease lives under the gums. This is why dental oral examinations require general anesthesia. Some owners worry about anesthetics in their pets, however, we take every precaution to ensure their safety. Therefore, we recommend yearly dental complete oral assessment and treatment (COHAT) for your pet family. This part of your pet’s wellness care can prevent the spread of periodontal disease and keep your pet healthy.